ovarian cysts symptoms
Women's Health

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

Want to know about Ovarian Cysts Symptoms?  How these cysts are diagnosed?

Here we will discuss both symptoms and diagnosis of ovarian cysts.

ovarian cysts symptoms

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs which are found on or in the ovary of the females.

How ovarian cysts are formed?

Ovary is female reproductive part which produce eggs every month as a part of menstrual cycle. Ovary makes follicles in which eggs are produced. At the time of ovulation this follicle releases the egg. But for some reason if this follicle do not break and release an egg then a fluid filled cyst is formed.  This is what we call as an ovarian cyst. They are also called as follicular cysts.

Another type of cyst is corpus luteum cyst. This type of cysts is formed after the follicle has released the egg and it might contain small traces or amount of blood.

Ovarian cysts can be occurred naturally in women who have regular periods. You may not know that you have a cyst until and unless you feel any type of discomfort or health issue. Ovarian cysts are not much common after menopause.

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

Many ovarian cysts are quite small and they do not have any symptoms. But in some cases if a cyst is multiplying or is causing problem with your health then you may have the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal swelling and bloating,
  • Painful sex,
  • Nausea and vomiting if the cysts causes twisting of the ovary,
  • Pain in lower back or a dull pain in thighs,
  • Pelvic pain,
  • Pain in bowel movements,
  • Breast tenderness,
  • Frequent urination,
  • Sudden and severe pain in the case of cysts rupture.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts

  • Pelvic exam by your healthcare provider
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood test

When to worry?

If you know you have ovarian cyst and observe the following symptoms then immediately look for medical help:

  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Pain with fever and vomiting
  • Weakness and dizziness along with fainting
  • Rapid or fast breathing
  • Heavy bleeding

These ovarian cysts symptoms mean that your cysts has ruptured.

Does ovarian cysts affect fertility?

No, it does not. Fertility is not much affected by ovarian cysts but they can cause some difficulty in getting pregnant.

Can I prevent ovary cysts?

Well, no. There is no way of preventing ovarian cysts except you have your pelvic examination. If you feel any change in your monthly cycle for at least two to three consecutive menstrual cycles then do consult your doctor.

Sources

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Ovarian cysts.”

Mayo Clinic: Diseases and Conditions, Ovarian cysts, “Definition,” “Ovarian Cysts.”

PennMedicine: For patients and visitors, Patients Information, Conditions treated A to Z, “Ovarian cysts.”

Healthline: Health, “Ovarian Cysts.”

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